Emulsifiers, vegetable gums, & anti-caking agents
Food Additives with a “•” in front of its name shows that it is definitely or possibly Animal Derived.
400 Alginic acid, thickener and vegetable gum, derived from seaweed. Used in custard mix, cordial, flavored milk, ice blocks, thickened cream and yoghurt.
401 Sodium alginate, thickener and vegetable gum
402 Potassium alginate, thickener and vegetable gum
403 Ammonium alginate, thickener and vegetable gum
404 Calcium alginate, thickener and vegetable gum
405 Propylene glycol alginate, thickener and vegetable gum, derived from petroleum. see separate entry.
406 Agar, thickener and vegetable gum, sometimes used as a laxative. Derived from a red seaweed. Found in manufactured meats and ice cream. see Agar-agar.
407 Carrageenan, thickener and vegetable gum. A fiber extracted from seaweed. It has recently been linked with cancer because it may become contaminated when ethylene oxide is added to an inferior product, this results in ethylene chlorohydrins forming, a highly carcinogenic compound. linked to toxic hazards, including ulcers and cancer; the most serious concerns relate to degraded carrageenan, which is not a permitted additive. However, native carrageenan, which is used, may become degraded in the gut. 8, 40
410 Locust bean gum, derived from Carob or Locust bean tree Ceratonia siliqua, a native tree of South America or the Mediterraean depending on which book you read. Thickener and vegetable gum. Used in lollies, cordials, essences, some flour products, dressings, fruit juice drinks. Carob is It is frequently used as a caffeine-free chocolate substitute. 1, 3, 48
412 Guar gum, thickener derived from the seeds of Cyamoposis tetragonolobus of Indian origin. Fed to cattle in the US. od can cause nausea, flatulence and cramps, may reduced cholesterol levels. 48
413 Tragacanth, gum thickener. Resin form the tree Astragalus gummifer. A water soluble gum, used in foods, drugs including nasal solutions, elixirs and tablets. Also used as a binder in cosmetics. 47, 48
414 Acacia, (gum arabic) thickener and gum. Derived from the sap of Acacia Sengal. It is water soluble and easily broken down by the human digestive system.
415 Xanthan gum, thickener and gum. derived from the fermentation of corn sugar with a bacterium. 48
416 Karaya gum, thickener. derived from the tree Sterculia urens from central India. Often used in conjunction with Carob (add 410), in ice cream, custard and sweets. Used as a filler for its capability to multiply its volume by 100 times with the addition of water. 48
420 Sorbitol, artificial sweetener, humectant derived from glucose: either obtained from berries, or synthesized. Used in lollies, dried fruit, pastries, pharmecuetical syrups and opthalmic preparations and is the seventh most widely used preservative in cosmetics. 47
421 Mannitol, artificial sweetener and humectant. derived from seaweed, or the manna ash tree. Not permitted in infant foods, due to its ability to cause diahorrrea and kidney dysfunction. 48
•422 Glycerol, humectant and sweetener sweet, oily colorless alcohol, derived by decomposition of natural fats with alkalis, usually as a by-product of soap making using animal fat or vegetable oil. Can be obtained from petroleum products sometimes synthesized from propylene or fermented from sugar. Used in flexible coatings on sausages and cheeses, also in crystallized and dried fruit, liqueurs and vodka. “Glycerin has been shown to protect against DNA damage induced by tumor promoters, ultraviolet lights and radiation, presumably via free radical scavenging” 47
•433, 435 Polysorbate (60), (65), (80) emulsifiers derived from animal fatty acids. Also used as synthetic flavorings, surfactants, defoaming agents and dough conditioners. see separate entry. Polysorbates 20 and 40 are not permitted in Australia. 47, 48
440a Pectin, thickener and gum. Naturally occurring in the skins of apples, pectin is used to thicken jams, jellies and sauces.
•441 Gelatin, boiled down skins, bones and hooves, yuk.
442 Ammonium phosphatides, emulsifier
450 Sodium and Potassium polyphosphates, mineral slats
450a Ammonium phosphatides, mineral salt, yeast nutrient in dough products, baking powder
460 Microcrystalline cellulose, anti-caking agent
461 Methylcellulose, thickener
464 Hydroxypropylmethylcellulose, thickener and vegetable gum
465 methylethylcellulose, thickener and vegetable gum
466 Sodium carboxymethylcellulose, thickener and vegetable gum
•471 Mono- and diglyerides of fatty acids, emulsifiers
•472a Acetic and fatty acid esters of glycerol, emulsifiers, glycerol possibly derived from animal fats
•472b Lactic and fatty acid esters of glycerol, emulsifiers
•472c Citric and fatty acid esters of glycerol, emulsifiers
•472d Tartaric and fatty acid esters of glycerol, emulsifiers
•472e Diacetyltartaric and fatty acid esters of glycerol, emulsifiers
473 Sucrose esters of fatty acids, emulsifiers
•475 Polyglycerol esters of fatty acids, emulsifiers
•476 Polyglycerol esters of interesterfied ricinoleid acid, emulsifiers
477 Propylene glycol mon- and di- esters, emulsifier, derived from petroleum.
480 Dioctyl sodium sulphosuccinate, emulsifier
•481 Sodium stearoyl lactylate, flour treating agent
•482 Calcium stearoyl lactylate, flour treating agent
•491 Sorbitan mono-stearate, emulsifier
•492 Sorbitan tri-stearate, emulsifier
500 Sodium carbonates, mineral salt
501 Potassium carbonates, mineral salt
536 Potassium ferrocyanide, anti-caking agent
503 Ammonium carbonates, mineral salt
504 Magnesium carbonate, mineral salt, anti-caking agent
507 Hydrochloric acid, acidity regulator
508 Potassium chloride, mineral salt
509 Calcium chloride, mineral salt, dreived from brine
516 Calcium sulphate, flour treatment agent, derived from limestone
529 Calcium oxide, mineral salt
535 Sodium ferrocyanide, anti-caking agent
536 Potassium ferrocyanide, anti-caking agent, by-product of coal gas production
541 Sodium aluminium phosphate, acidity regulator, emulsifier
•542 Bone phosphate, anti-caking agent, derived from bones, used in dried milk for coffee machines
551 Silicon dioxide, anti-caking agent
552 Calcium silicate, anti-caking agent derived from limestone and diatomaceous earth (the silicified skeletons of diatoms, a single celled plankton)
553b Talc, anti-caking agent
554 Sodium aluminum silicate, anti-caking agent, used in salt, dried milk substitutes and flours, aluminum is known to cause placental problems in pregnancy and has been linked to Alzheimer’s
556 Calcium aluminum silicate, anti-caking agent, derived from minerals, used in milk powders
558 Bentonite, anti-caking agent, clay. used to clarify wines
559 Kaolins, anti-caking agent, clay. wine clarifier
•570 Stearic acid, anti-caking agent, possibly of animal origin See Stearates.
•572 Magnesium stearate, anti-caking agent
575 Glucono delta-lactone, acidity regulator
577 Potassium gluconate,acidity regulator, firming agent
578 Calcium gluconate, acidity regulator, firming agent
579 ferrous gluconate, color-retention agent derived from iron and glucose, used in olives, iron supplements 3, 48